This is the first of a new series of dialogues from Equilibrium Research, in light of current opportunities and pressures on protected areas, building up to the revision of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s biodiversity targets in 2020, the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and wider patterns of economic and social development. The views are those of the authors and represent no other organisation or institution.
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Enforcement And Compliance
IUCN-WCPA’s Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines are the world’s authoritative resource for protected area managers. Involving collaboration among specialist practitioners dedicated to supporting better implementation of ideas in the field, the Guidelines distil learning and advice drawn from across IUCN. Applied in the field, they build institutional and individual capacity to manage protected area systems effectively, equitably and sustainably, and to cope with the myriad of challenges faced in practice.
In the 18 years that MPA News has been in publication, we have asked practitioners for lessons learned, and practices developed. We have published numerous tips on how to work more efficiently or effectively. But we have not asked you for the most fundamental, essential advice you have gained from your work. We do make that request this month, and we’ll continue to do so in future issues. We are asking practitioners: What do you know now that you wish you had known when you got started in the MPA field?
In 2015–2017, the Government of Papua New Guinea (PNG), through its Conservation and Environmental Protection Authority (CEPA) and with the support of United Nations Development Program (UNDP), organised an evaluation of its protected areas, as part of the process to improve management effectiveness. PNG’s Policy on Protected Areas commits to regular evaluation of management effectiveness and to taking remedial action to improve effectiveness over time.
Barbara., L. 2011. Guidelines for Protected Area Legislation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Chapter 10 of these extensive guidelines covers the topic of Enforcement and Compliance. The chapter reviews basic considerations important to include in protected areas legislation for compliance with and enforcement of regulated activities. It begins by providing context on the various tools available to promote compliance with protected areas legislation and the relationship of compliance to enforcement.
Emerton, L. 2001. Community-Based Incentives for Nature Conservation. IUCN The World Conservation Union, Eastern Africa Regional Office and Economics Unit.
Economic incentives could contribute towards achieving compliance within protected area systems.
This resource kit describes practical steps and methods for identifying and using economic incentives in community-based nature conservation, and illustrate these with case studies from Eastern Africa.
Guide to Writing and Filing Incident Reports and Citations for Conservation Officers. Pacific Islands Managed and Protected Areas Community (PIMPAC) document: Conservation Enforcement Training
This guide is designed to teach conservation officers how to correctly write and file incident reports and citations. It is based on information presented at the MPA Enforcement Capacity Building Workshop in Palau in March 2011. It describes the five parts of an incident report and has a useful example of an incident report form.
Corrigan, C. 2007. Enforcement and Coastal Development for Marine Conservation. Innovations in Conservation Series. Parks in Peril Program. Arlington, VA, USA: The Nature Conservancy
Parks in Peril (www.parksinperil.org) is a partnership of organizations across Latin American and the Caribbean working to protect natural resources through organisation.
A Guide to Establishing a Program Compliance and Enforcement Plan. Pacific Islands Managed and Protected Areas Community (PIMPAC) document: Conservation Enforcement Training
This document is one of a series of practical guides designed to assist marine conservation programs and practitioners in planning, building, and implementing effective conservation compliance and enforcement action.