Wagner, D. (ed). 2013. Big Ocean: A Shared Research Agenda for Large-Scale Marine Protected Area. Prepared by Big Ocean planning team in collaboration with the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument & UNESCO World Heritage Site (PMNM), NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries.
Based on workshop discussions, three main research themes were identified as being most relevant to large-scale MPAs, and included (1) biological and ecological characterization, (2) connectivity and (3) monitoring of temporal trends.