The rapid degradation of biological diversity was a significant catalyst behind the mobilization of governments and international organizations to institutionalize the governance of nature. As a result, international governance structures started evolving in early 20th century culminating with the establishment of the comprehensive UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1993. The CBD has elaborate mechanisms and frameworks for nature governance on a global level. In addition, the parallel Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services has gained growing momentum. It is pertinent to understand the complexities and future of these international regimes meant to govern the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity globally.