This Handbook begins with a brief history of MEAs and major conferences. It lays out the elements of MEAs, common provisions and the relationships between them. It reviews the “rules of the game” (from the basics of treaty law to rules of procedure and finance) and gives an overview of the playing field and key actors. It also looks at structures and roles, provides approaches to drafting and strategic issues, surveys international cooperation issues, provides a synthesis perspective, and looks at a typical day in negotiations. This Handbook covers negotiation products and provides a useful checklist. The reference tools include information on agencies most active in the Pacific region, a new bibliography of useful literature (including electronic sources) and the Glossary of Terms for Negotiators of Multilateral Agreements (UNEP, 2007). Every effort has been made to provide up-to-date information.