In 2015–2017, the Government of Papua New Guinea (PNG), through its Conservation and Environmental Protection Authority (CEPA) and with the support of United Nations Development Program (UNDP), organised an evaluation of its protected areas, as part of the process to improve management effectiveness. PNG’s Policy on Protected Areas commits to regular evaluation of management effectiveness and to taking remedial action to improve effectiveness over time. ‘Management effectiveness of Protected Areas will be regularly evaluated on a national basis, and improvements will be put into place based on assessment results. Where Protected Area effectiveness or wildlife populations and health are shown to be declining or at risk, causes will be investigated and corrective measures rapidly implemented’ (Independent State of Papua New Guinea, 2014, p. 50).
The PNG Protected Area Management Effectiveness project is part of a larger initiative, the Global Environment Facility - Pacific Alliance for Sustainability (GEF-PAS) funded project known as ‘Community-based Forest and Coastal Conservation and Resource Management in PNG’ (GEF 2011), with CEPA as Executing agency and UNDP as the implementing partner. The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) was engaged to undertake a project titled ‘Review and Update of the Status of Current Protected Areas in PNG’.