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Sustainable livelihood strategies for conservation of biodiversity in Fiji, including potential crops and value adding opportunities in three FPAM project sites.

FAO’s project “Forestry and Protected Area Management” (FPAM) assists four countries, Fiji, Niue,Samoa and Vanuatu, with the goal of strengthening biodiversity conservation and the reduction of
forest and land degradation. The project’s development objective is to enhance the sustainablelivelihoods of local communities living in and around protected areas.

Global benefits from the project will include: increased representation of important ecosystems in the protected area networks inthese countries; enhanced biodiversity conservation in production landscapes (through mainstreaming and marketing of biodiversity goods and services); increased financial sustainability forprotected area management; and reductions in the barriers to sustainable forest and land
management).

In Fiji, the FPAM project assists with the consolidation of existing and establishment of new protectedareas on the following project sites: Greater Tomaniivi Protected Areas on Viti Levu, Greater Delaikoro Protected Areas on Vanua Levu, Taveuni Forest Reserve/Ravilevu Nature Reserve on Taveuni.

The aim of this study is to identify the potential livelihood strategies for communities in the FPAM areas that support biodiversity conservation and enhance restoration of degraded landscapes. The
main focus has been on agroforestry systems, sustainable agriculture and marketable Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) appropriate for each of the FPAM areas.

The scope of this report is not limited to the extraction of NWFP from within the FPAM areas, but is extended to livelihood strategies that can be conducted in the forest margins around the protected
areas.