The Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region (1986), known also as SPREP Convention or Noumea Convention, along with its two Protocols entered into force in 1990. The Convention is a comprehensive umbrella agreement for the protection, management and development of the marine and costal environment of the South Pacific Region and, it represents the legal framework of the Action Plan for managing the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific adopted in 1982 in behalf of the South Pacific Conference on Human Environment. In order to define more specific obligations to control pollution from a discrete source and to co-operate in a specific aspect of environmental management, in 1990, the Parties also ratified the “Dumping” and the “Emergencies” Protocols. Both documents define a focused regulatory framework to avoid marine and costal pollution. The Noumea Convention is the Pacific region component of UNEP's Regional Seas Programme launched in 1972. The Programme aims to address the accelerating degradation of the world’s oceans and coastal areas through the sustainable management and use of the marine and coastal environment. In order to achieve this objective the Programme has functioned in with Action Plans which have been underpinned with a strong legal framework in the form of a regional Convention and associated Protocols on specific problems.