The Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) is located in the Republic of Kiribati, constitutes 11.34% of Kiribati’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and has a total area of 408,250 square kilometres. It is one of the largest marine protected areas, and one of the largest protected areas of any type (land or sea) on Earth. There are 514 species of reef fish, including several new species. Five of the eight islands in PIPA are currently designated as Important Bird Areas (IBAs) by Birdlife International. There are currently 19 species of seabirds living on the islands. Many other seabirds migrate through PIPA, including shearwaters and mottled petrels from Australia and New Zealand. Prominent species include the endemic and endangered Phoenix petrel (Pterodroma alba).