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Cook Islands

Country Name ISO Alpha-2 Code ISO Alpha-3 Code BIOPAMA Region
Cook Islands CK COK Pacific

Disclaimer: This data is sourced from WDPA. If you find any errors please contact SPREP and we will action it accordingly

?Protected area coverage was calculated based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 for the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014). The number of protected areas was derived from the same WDPA version and includes only protected areas with the status ‘designated’. All protected areas with a marine component are counted as marine protected areas.

 

Key protected area stats

Total number of protected areas: 4
 
Terrestrial protected area coverage: 1.35%
Shortfall to the CBD's 17% terrestrial target: 15.65%
Landlocked country: no
 
Total number of marine protected areas: 2
 
Marine protected area coverage (0-200 nm): 0.00%
Shortfall to the CBD's 10% marine target: 10.00%

?This table includes all designated protected areas for the country included in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 (IUCN and UNEP-WCMC 2014).

Designated Protected Areas

IUCN Management Category Link
VI 6
Not Reported 5
II 2
IV 3
Protected area name Status IUCN management category Reported area (km²) Reported marine area (km²)
Aroa Designated Not Reported 0.23 0.23
Aroko/Muri Designated Not Reported 0.87 0.87
Kakerori Reserve Proposed II 26.90 0.00
Maina Lagoon Designated VI 0.02 0.02
Maina Reserve Designated VI 0.80 0.80
Manuae Lagoon Trochus Sanctuary Designated VI 7.40 7.40
Motukitiu Reserve Designated VI 4.07 4.07
Ootu Reserve Designated VI 0.02 0.02
Palmerston Lagoon Trochus Sanctuary Designated IV 0.00 0.00
Pouara Designated Not Reported 0.05 0.05
Suwarrow Designated IV 1.60 0.80
Takitumu Designated VI 1.55 0.00
Takutea Designated II 1.20 1.20
Te Manga Nature Reserve Proposed Not Reported 1.00 0.00
Tikioki Designated IV 0.40 0.40
Titikaveka Designated Not Reported 0.50 0.50
CSV

?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (AZEs)

CSV

?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)

CSV

?The terrestrial ecoregions of the world (TEOW; Olson et al. 2001) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s terrestrial ecosystems. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Terrestrial ecoregions

Ecoregion name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Central Polynesian tropical moist forests 0.0 0.0 10.18 6.04 0.0
Cook Islands tropical moist forests 0.01 1.76 1.76 100.0 100.0
CSV

?The marine ecoregions of the world (MEOW; Spalding et al. 2007) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s coastal and shelf waters (< 200 m depths). They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Marine ecoregions

Ecoregion name % of country covered % of ecoregion protected in country % of ecoregion protected worldwide % of ecoregion within country % country contribution to protection worldwide
Phoenix/Tokelau/Northern Cook Islands 0.11 0.07 33.8 42.29 0.09
Southern Cook/Austral Islands 0.12 0.22 0.14 63.43 100.0
CSV

Land cover classes

This tab will show, among other things, pie charts with the country's land cover stats (GLC 2000 and GlobeCover 2005).

?The indicative species numbers provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). The numbers include those species whose range intersects with the terrestrial and/or marine (Exclusive Economic Zone out to 200 nautical miles from the coastline) boundary of the country. Only selected globally assessed taxonomic groups are shown. The species ranges and conservation status are from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species August 2014. The intersection followed the methodology described in Le Saout et al. (2013).

 

Indicative number of amphibian, bird and mammal species

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Mammalia
28 4 0 3 1 0 12 12
Aves
65 20 0 4 16 4 40 0

 

Indicative number of marine species in selected taxonomic groups

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Actinopterygii
212 5 0 0 5 6 183 18
Anthozoa
179 25 0 0 25 40 109 5
Chondrichthyes
19 9 0 0 9 7 1 2
Hydrozoa
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Amphibia species list

No Species found in this country

Aves species list

Common name Status Taxon Kingdom Phylum Order Family Custom text Image
No common name found LC Zapornia tabuensis Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image
Blue Lorikeet VU Vini peruviana Animalia Chordata Psittaciformes Psittacidae Check Image
Kuhl s Lorikeet EN Vini kuhlii Animalia Chordata Psittaciformes Psittacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Urodynamis taitensis Animalia Chordata Cuculiformes Cuculidae Check Image
No common name found LC Tringa incana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Chattering Kingfisher LC Todiramphus tutus Animalia Chordata Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Check Image
Cook Islands Kingfisher VU Todiramphus ruficollaris Animalia Chordata Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Check Image
No common name found LC Thalasseus bergii Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Campbell Albatross VU Thalassarche impavida Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Chatham Albatross VU Thalassarche eremita Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Red footed Booby LC Sula sula Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Brown Booby LC Sula leucogaster Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Masked (Blue faced) Booby LC Sula dactylatra Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Black naped Tern LC Sterna sumatrana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Christmas Island Shearwater LC Puffinus nativitatis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Puffinus bailloni Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Cook Islands Fruit Dove VU Ptilinopus rarotongensis Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Murphy s Petrel NT Pterodroma ultima Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Providence Petrel VU Pterodroma solandri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Black winged Petrel LC Pterodroma nigripennis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Kermadec Petrel LC Pterodroma neglecta Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Collared Petrel VU Pterodroma leucoptera Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Korure NT Pterodroma inexpectata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Herald Petrel LC Pterodroma heraldica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Cook s Petrel VU Pterodroma cookii Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
White naped Petrel VU Pterodroma cervicalis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Collared Petrel VU Pterodroma brevipes Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Henderson Petrel EN Pterodroma atrata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Phoenix Petrel EN Pterodroma alba Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Tahiti Petrel NT Pseudobulweria rostrata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Blue Noddy LC Procelsterna cerulea Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Procelsterna albivitta Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Black (Parkinson's) Petrel VU Procellaria parkinsoni Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Cook Islands Flycatcher VU Pomarea dimidiata Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Monarchidae Check Image
Red tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon rubricauda Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
White tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon lepturus Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
Frigate Petrel LC Pelagodroma marina Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion lunatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion fuscatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Wilson's Storm Petrel LC Oceanites oceanicus Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Bristle thighed Curlew VU Numenius tahitiensis Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Polynesian Storm Petrel EN Nesofregetta fuliginosa Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Little White Tern LC Gygis microrhyncha Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Angel Tern LC Gygis alba Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Black bellied Storm Petrel LC Fregetta tropica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
White bellied Storm Petrel LC Fregetta grallaria Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Great Frigatebird LC Fregata minor Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
Lesser Frigatebird LC Fregata ariel Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
Blue Heron LC Egretta sacra Animalia Chordata Pelecaniformes Ardeidae Check Image
Pacific Imperial Pigeon LC Ducula pacifica Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Cape Petrel LC Daption capense Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Common Pigeon LC Columba livia Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Bulwer s Petrel LC Bulweria bulwerii Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Ruddy Turnstone LC Arenaria interpres Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna tenuirostris Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna pacifica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found VU Ardenna bulleri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Mauke Starling EX Aplonis mavornata Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sturnidae Check Image
Rarotonga Starling VU Aplonis cinerascens Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sturnidae Check Image
Brown Noddy LC Anous stolidus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Black Noddy LC Anous minutus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Gray Duck LC Anas superciliosa Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
No common name found VU Aerodramus sawtelli Animalia Chordata Caprimulgiformes Apodidae Check Image
Cook Islands Reed Warbler NT Acrocephalus kerearako Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sylviidae Check Image
Common Myna LC Acridotheres tristis Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sturnidae Check Image

Mammals species list

Common name Status Taxonsort ascending Kingdom Phylum Order Family
Cuvier's Beaked Whale LC Ziphius cavirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Bottle nosed Dolphin LC Tursiops truncatus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Rough toothed Dolphin LC Steno bredanensis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Long beaked Dolphin DD Stenella longirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Euphrosyne Dolphin LC Stenella coeruleoalba Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Bridled Dolphin LC Stenella attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Kiore LC Rattus exulans Animalia Chordata Rodentia Muridae
Insular Flying fox LC Pteropus tonganus Animalia Chordata Chiroptera Pteropodidae
False Killer Whale DD Pseudorca crassidens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Cachelot VU Physeter macrocephalus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Melon headed Whale LC Peponocephala electra Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Chimo DD Orcinus orca Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Ginkgo toothed Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon ginkgodens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Blainville's Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon densirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Bunch LC Megaptera novaeangliae Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Fraser s Dolphin or Sarawak Dolphin LC Lagenodelphis hosei Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Dwarf Sperm Whale DD Kogia sima Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Pygmy Sperm Whale DD Kogia breviceps Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Indo pacific Beaked Whale DD Indopacetus pacificus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Grey Dolphin LC Grampus griseus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pacific Pilot Whale DD Globicephala macrorhynchus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pygmy Killer Whale DD Feresa attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Common Rorqual EN Balaenoptera physalus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Blue Whale EN Balaenoptera musculus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Bryde's Whale DD Balaenoptera edeni Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Coalfish Whale EN Balaenoptera borealis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Antarctic Minke Whale DD Balaenoptera bonaerensis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Common Minke Whale LC Balaenoptera acutorostrata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae

?This content is provided by ECOLEX - the gateway to environmental law, which is a collaboration of IUCN, FAO and UNEP. The results show the country's protected area-related legislation and treaties recorded in the ECOLEX database. Click on "refine query" to modify the search.

Cook Islands

General references for the country information and indicators:

Borrini-Feyerabend, G., Bueno, P., Hay-Edie, T., Lang, B., Rastogi, A., Sandwith, T. (2014) A Primer on Governance for Protected and Conserved Areas. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Butchart, S.H.M., Clarke, M., Smith, R.J., Sykes, R.E., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Harfoot, M., Buchanan, G.M., Angulo, A., Balmford, A., Bertzky, B., Brooks, T.M., Carpenter, K.E., Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Cornell, J., Ficetola, G.F., Fishpool, L.D.C., Fuller, R.A., Geldmann, J., Harwell, H., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Joolia, A., Joppa, L., Kingston, N., May, I., Milam, A., Polidoro, B., Ralph, G., Richman, N., Rondinini, C., Segan, D.B., Skolnik, B., Spalding, M.D., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Visconti, P., Watson, J.E.M., Wood, L., Burgess, N.D. (2015) Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12158

Dubois, G., Schulz, M., Skøien, J., Cottam, A., Temperley, W., Clerici, M., Drakou, E., van’t Klooster, J., Verbeeck, B., Palumbo, I., Derycke, P., Pekel, J.-F., Martínez-López, J., Peedell, S., Mayaux, P. (2013) An Introduction to the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA) and the DOPA Explorer (Beta). EUR 26207 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Dubois, G., Bastin, L., Martínez-López, J., Cottam, A., Temperley, W., Bertzky, B., Graziano, M. (2015) The Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA) Explorer 1.0. EUR 27162 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Dudley, N. (editor) (2008) Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Hartley, A., Nelson, A., Mayaux, P., Grégoire, J.-M. (2007) The Assessment of African Protected Areas. EUR 22780 EN, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

IUCN and UNEP-WCMC (2013) The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) On-line, January 2013. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net

IUCN and UNEP-WCMC (2014) The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) On-line, August 2014. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net

IUCN and UNEP-WCMC (2015) The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) On-line, July 2015. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net

Juffe-Bignoli, D., Burgess, N.D., Bingham, H., Belle, E.M.S., de Lima, M.G., Deguignet, M., Bertzky, B., Milam, A.N., Martinez-Lopez, J., Lewis, E., Eassom, A., Wicander, S., Geldmann, J., van Soesbergen, A., Arnell, A.P., O’Connor, B., Park, S., Shi, Y.N., Danks, F.S., MacSharry, B., Kingston, N. (2014) Protected Planet Report 2014. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.

Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T., Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science 342: 803–805.

Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E.D., Burgess, N.D., Powell, G.V.N., Underwood, E.C., d’Amico, J.A., Itoua, I., Strand, H.E., Morrison, J.C., Loucks, C.J., Allnutt, T.F., Ricketts, T.H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux, J.F., Wettengel, W.W., Hedao, P., Kassem, K.R. (2001) Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth. BioScience 51: 933–938.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Hoffmann, M., Stuart, S.N. (2014) Spatially explicit trends in the global conservation status of vertebrates. PLoS ONE 9(11): e113934. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113934

Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Allen, G.R., Davidson, N., Ferdaña, Z.A., Finlayson, M., Halpern, B.S., Jorge, M.A., Lombana, A., Lourie, S.A., Martin, K.D., McManus, E., Molnar, J., Recchia, C.A., Robertson, J. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coast and shelf areas. BioScience 57: 573–583.

UNEP-WCMC (2015) World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) User Manual 1.0. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.

WDPA Country Report August 2014 (from UNEP-WCMC)