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Marshall Islands

Country Name ISO Alpha-2 Code ISO Alpha-3 Code BIOPAMA Region
Marshall Islands MH MHL Pacific

Disclaimer: This data is sourced from WDPA. If you find any errors please contact SPREP and we will action it accordingly

?Protected area coverage was calculated based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 for the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014). The number of protected areas was derived from the same WDPA version and includes only protected areas with the status ‘designated’. All protected areas with a marine component are counted as marine protected areas.

 

Key protected area stats

Total number of protected areas: 13
 
Terrestrial protected area coverage: 7.83%
Shortfall to the CBD's 17% terrestrial target: 9.17%
Landlocked country: no
 
Total number of marine protected areas: 10
 
Marine protected area coverage (0-200 nm): 0.19%
Shortfall to the CBD's 10% marine target: 9.81%

?This table includes all designated protected areas for the country included in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 (IUCN and UNEP-WCMC 2014).

Designated Protected Areas

IUCN Management Category Link
Ia 1
Ib 5
Not Reported 2
VI 7
Protected area name Status IUCN management category Reported area (km²) Reported marine area (km²)
Ailinginae Designated Ib 1,068.58 1 024.74
Ailuk Designated VI 25.13 24.11
Arno Designated VI 71.45 62.25
Bikar Atoll Designated Ia 56.31 0.00
Bikini Proposed Ib 2,120.28 2 032.87
Jaluit Designated Not Reported 201.93 197.42
Jaluit Designated VI 201.93 197.42
Kwajalein Designated Ib 7.77 7.77
Likiep Atoll Designated VI 0.32 0.31
Majuro Designated Ib 2.83 0.00
Mili Atoll Designated Ib 98.50 96.10
Namdrik Designated Not Reported 26.59 16.19
Namdrik Designated VI 26.59 16.19
Rongelap Designated VI 2,912.76 2 787.48
Rongerik Designated VI 1,047.87 1 002.38
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?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (AZEs)

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?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)

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?The terrestrial ecoregions of the world (TEOW; Olson et al. 2001) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s terrestrial ecosystems. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Terrestrial ecoregions

No terrestrial ecoregions found in this country.

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?The marine ecoregions of the world (MEOW; Spalding et al. 2007) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s coastal and shelf waters (< 200 m depths). They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Marine ecoregions

No marine ecoregions found in this country.

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Land cover classes

This tab will show, among other things, pie charts with the country's land cover stats (GLC 2000 and GlobeCover 2005).

?The indicative species numbers provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). The numbers include those species whose range intersects with the terrestrial and/or marine (Exclusive Economic Zone out to 200 nautical miles from the coastline) boundary of the country. Only selected globally assessed taxonomic groups are shown. The species ranges and conservation status are from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species August 2014. The intersection followed the methodology described in Le Saout et al. (2013).

 

Indicative number of amphibian, bird and mammal species

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Aves
67 9 0 0 9 8 50 0
Mammalia
26 3 0 2 1 0 12 11

 

Indicative number of marine species in selected taxonomic groups

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Actinopterygii
270 7 0 0 7 9 235 19
Anthozoa
341 66 0 0 66 101 163 11
Chondrichthyes
25 13 0 0 13 7 1 4
Hydrozoa
2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0

Amphibia species list

No Species found in this country

Aves species list

Common name Status Taxon Kingdom Phylum Order Family Custom text Image
No common name found LC Amaurornis cinerea Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image
Northern Pintail LC Anas acuta Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
Black Noddy LC Anous minutus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Brown Noddy LC Anous stolidus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found VU Ardenna bulleri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna carneipes Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found NT Ardenna grisea Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna pacifica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna tenuirostris Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Ruddy Turnstone LC Arenaria interpres Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Bulwer s Petrel LC Bulweria bulwerii Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Sanderling LC Calidris alba Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Streaked Shearwater LC Calonectris leucomelas Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Lesser Sand Plover LC Charadrius mongolus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Charadriidae Check Image
Micronesian Imperial Pigeon NT Ducula oceanica Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Blue Heron LC Egretta sacra Animalia Chordata Pelecaniformes Ardeidae Check Image
Blue faced Parrot Finch LC Erythrura trichroa Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Estrildidae Check Image
Lesser Frigatebird LC Fregata ariel Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
Great Frigatebird LC Fregata minor Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
Black bellied Storm Petrel LC Fregetta tropica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Domestic Chicken LC Gallus gallus Animalia Chordata Galliformes Phasianidae Check Image
Oriental Pratincole LC Glareola maldivarum Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Glareolidae Check Image
Angel Tern LC Gygis alba Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Barn Swallow LC Hirundo rustica Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Hirundinidae Check Image
No common name found LC Hydrobates castro Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Check Image
No common name found LC Hydrobates leucorhous Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Check Image
Bar tailed Godwit LC Limosa lapponica Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Black tailed Godwit NT Limosa limosa Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Mareca penelope Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
No common name found LC Mareca strepera Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
Whimbrel LC Numenius phaeopus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Bristle thighed Curlew VU Numenius tahitiensis Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Wilson's Storm Petrel LC Oceanites oceanicus Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion fuscatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion lunatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Eurasian Tree Sparrow LC Passer montanus Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Passeridae Check Image
White tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon lepturus Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
Red tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon rubricauda Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
Short tailed Albatross VU Phoebastria albatrus Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Laysan Albatross NT Phoebastria immutabilis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Black footed Albatross NT Phoebastria nigripes Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Black bellied Plover LC Pluvialis squatarola Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Charadriidae Check Image
Blue Noddy LC Procelsterna cerulea Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Tahiti Petrel NT Pseudobulweria rostrata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
White naped Petrel VU Pterodroma cervicalis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Cook s Petrel VU Pterodroma cookii Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Herald Petrel LC Pterodroma heraldica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Korure NT Pterodroma inexpectata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Collared Petrel VU Pterodroma leucoptera Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Stejneger s Petrel VU Pterodroma longirostris Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Kermadec Petrel LC Pterodroma neglecta Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Black winged Petrel LC Pterodroma nigripennis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Pycroft s Petrel VU Pterodroma pycrofti Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Providence Petrel VU Pterodroma solandri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ptilinopus hernsheimi Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
No common name found LC Puffinus bailloni Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Christmas Island Shearwater LC Puffinus nativitatis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Spatula clypeata Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
Black naped Tern LC Sterna sumatrana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Sternula albifrons Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Masked (Blue faced) Booby LC Sula dactylatra Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Brown Booby LC Sula leucogaster Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Red footed Booby LC Sula sula Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
No common name found LC Thalasseus bergii Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found NT Tringa brevipes Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Tringa incana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Urodynamis taitensis Animalia Chordata Cuculiformes Cuculidae Check Image

Mammals species list

Common name Status Taxon Kingdom Phylum Order Family
Blainville's Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon densirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Blue Whale EN Balaenoptera musculus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Bottle nosed Dolphin LC Tursiops truncatus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Bridled Dolphin LC Stenella attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Bryde's Whale DD Balaenoptera edeni Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Bunch LC Megaptera novaeangliae Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Cachelot VU Physeter macrocephalus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Chimo DD Orcinus orca Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Coalfish Whale EN Balaenoptera borealis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Common Minke Whale LC Balaenoptera acutorostrata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Cuvier's Beaked Whale LC Ziphius cavirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Dwarf Sperm Whale DD Kogia sima Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Euphrosyne Dolphin LC Stenella coeruleoalba Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
False Killer Whale DD Pseudorca crassidens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Fraser s Dolphin or Sarawak Dolphin LC Lagenodelphis hosei Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Ginkgo toothed Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon ginkgodens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Grey Dolphin LC Grampus griseus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Indo pacific Beaked Whale DD Indopacetus pacificus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Kiore LC Rattus exulans Animalia Chordata Rodentia Muridae
Long beaked Dolphin DD Stenella longirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Melon headed Whale LC Peponocephala electra Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Oriental House Rat LC Rattus tanezumi Animalia Chordata Rodentia Muridae
Pacific Pilot Whale DD Globicephala macrorhynchus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pygmy Killer Whale DD Feresa attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pygmy Sperm Whale DD Kogia breviceps Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Rough toothed Dolphin LC Steno bredanensis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae

?This content is provided by ECOLEX - the gateway to environmental law, which is a collaboration of IUCN, FAO and UNEP. The results show the country's protected area-related legislation and treaties recorded in the ECOLEX database. Click on "refine query" to modify the search.

Marshall Islands