Skip to main content

Characteristics of effective marine protected areas in Hawaiʻi

Ancient Hawaiians developed sophisticated natural resource management systems that included various forms of spatial management. The state of Hawaiʻi established its first legislated marine protected area (MPA) in 1953, and today there exists a patchwork of spatial marine management strategies along a range of sizes, with varying levels of governance, enforcement, and effectiveness. Approximately 12% of waters within the 50 m depth contour and 5% of waters within state jurisdiction (≤3 nmi) have some form of marine management.

June 19, 2020

Hawaiʻi’s nearshore waters need more effective management, according to a comprehensive study, led by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa researchers, which also found that a diverse integrated system of marine management areas can help restore the state’s declining coral reef fisheries and boost the