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The resources outlined below are designed to assist practitioners in the financial management of protected areas so that they can be sustained in the long-term. The majority of references are global but many of the ideas and approaches are entirely relevant to protected area practitioners in the Pacific Islands. The resources are divided into two sections:

Sustainable Financing 

In addition to general materials on the subject of sustainable finance, there is a financial sustainability scorecard, various menus of financing options and a discussion on the application of a business model to conservation.

Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)

A variety of resources and guidelines discussing the various ways that PES can be implemented to assist with conservation efforts are presented. A paper on the role of protected areas in storing carbon makes particular reference to the Pacific Islands and highlights the potentially important role that protected area networks could play in reducing carbon emissions.

A Gateway to Payments for Ecosystem Services : Using Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) for Livelihoods and Landscapes

Huberman, D. 2008. A Gateway to Payments for Ecosystem Services: Using Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) for Livelihoods and Landscapes. Markets and Incentives for Livelihoods and Landscapes Series No.

Carbon Emissions from Forest Loss in Protected Areas.

Campbell, A., Kapos, V., Lysenko, I., Schalemann, J.P.W., Dickson, B., Gibbs, H.K., Hansen, M., Mikes, L. 2008.  Carbon Emissions from Forest Loss in Protected Areas. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.  

Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas in the Pacific Islands Region, 2014-2020

The 9th Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas held in Suva, Fiji, December 2013 produced and adopted a new Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas in the Pacific Islands Region 2014-2020.

Making Money Local: Can Protected Areas Deliver Both Economic Benefits and Conservation Objectives?

This publication has been developed as a contribution to Phase II of the Two-phase Strategy on Protected Areas of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and prepared pursuant to various paragraphs of COP decision XIII/2 on protected areas, in particular paragraph 5(a-e),

Marshall Islands' National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The purpose of this Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP) is to Assist the Marshall Islands to Plan for the Conservation of its biodiversity and for in the sustainable use of its biological resources.

Natural Capital Project

Natural Capital Project.  Stanford University's Woods Institute for the Environment, University of Minnesota's Institute on the Environment, The Nature Conservancy, and World Wildlife Fund.

Pacific Islands Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas 2021- 2025 DRAFT

This Pacific Islands Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas2021-2025 is the principal
regional strategy document for environmental conservation in the Pacific. Its purpose is to guide broad

Payments for Ecosystem Services: Legal and Institutional Frameworks

Greiber, T. 2009. Payments for Ecosystem Services: Legal and Institutional Frameworks. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Payments for Environmental Services An equitable approach for reducing poverty and conserving nature

Duncan, E. 2006. Payments for Environmental Services An equitable approach for reducing poverty and conserving nature.  WWF-Netherlands

Republic of Fiji National Ocean Policy 2020-2030

Fijians have been at the forefront of ocean action and leadership because it i our responsibility as an oceanic people. Fiji is a nation of over 300 islands whose past, present and future are intrinsically linked to the ocean.

The Role of Protected Areas in Storing Carbon and Reducing Emissions

Campbell, A., Dickson, B., Gibbs, H., Hansen, M., Kapos, V., Lysenko, I., Miles, L. Scharlemann, J. 2009. The Role of Protected Areas in Storing Carbon and Reducing Emissions. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6.

Vemööre Declaration : Commitments to nature conservation action in the Pacific Islands region, 2021-2025

“Vemööre” is a term in the Kwenyï language spoken by people from the Isle of Pines in New Caledonia.

Visitors Count! Guidance for protected areas on the economic analysis of visitation

This guidance document aims to build awareness, knowledge, and capacity internationally on how to best undertake economic evaluations of tourism in protected areas, and thereby contribute towards a globally acknowledged standard methodology.