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The resources outlined below are designed to assist practitioners in the financial management of protected areas so that they can be sustained in the long-term. The majority of references are global but many of the ideas and approaches are entirely relevant to protected area practitioners in the Pacific Islands. The resources are divided into two sections:

Sustainable Financing 

In addition to general materials on the subject of sustainable finance, there is a financial sustainability scorecard, various menus of financing options and a discussion on the application of a business model to conservation.

Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES)

A variety of resources and guidelines discussing the various ways that PES can be implemented to assist with conservation efforts are presented. A paper on the role of protected areas in storing carbon makes particular reference to the Pacific Islands and highlights the potentially important role that protected area networks could play in reducing carbon emissions.

A Gateway to Payments for Ecosystem Services : Using Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) for Livelihoods and Landscapes

Huberman, D. 2008. A Gateway to Payments for Ecosystem Services: Using Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) for Livelihoods and Landscapes. Markets and Incentives for Livelihoods and Landscapes Series No.

Carbon Emissions from Forest Loss in Protected Areas.

Campbell, A., Kapos, V., Lysenko, I., Schalemann, J.P.W., Dickson, B., Gibbs, H.K., Hansen, M., Mikes, L. 2008.  Carbon Emissions from Forest Loss in Protected Areas. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.  

Natural Capital Project

Natural Capital Project.  Stanford University's Woods Institute for the Environment, University of Minnesota's Institute on the Environment, The Nature Conservancy, and World Wildlife Fund.

Payments for Ecosystem Services: Legal and Institutional Frameworks

Greiber, T. 2009. Payments for Ecosystem Services: Legal and Institutional Frameworks. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Payments for Environmental Services An equitable approach for reducing poverty and conserving nature

Duncan, E. 2006. Payments for Environmental Services An equitable approach for reducing poverty and conserving nature.  WWF-Netherlands

The Role of Protected Areas in Storing Carbon and Reducing Emissions

Campbell, A., Dickson, B., Gibbs, H., Hansen, M., Kapos, V., Lysenko, I., Miles, L. Scharlemann, J. 2009. The Role of Protected Areas in Storing Carbon and Reducing Emissions. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6.

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