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Protected Area Count


Management Effectiveness Assessments

408,740.82 km² / 3,459,130.41 km² (11.82%) Protected


230.89 km² / 1,032.56 km² (22.36%) Protected


These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

Source: from


Total: 1485
Endemic: 2
Threatened: 8
Threatened Endemic: 1
Explore the IUCN Red List
Key Biodiversity Areas
Total: 28
Fully Protected: 8
Partially Protected: 5
Not Protected: 15
Explore Key Biodiversity Areas
Warm Water Coral Data
Total Area: 1960.045 km2
Protected Area: 72.81 km2
Protected Percentage: 3.7%

Original dataset provided by UNEP-WCMC (2021)

UNEP-WCMC and IUCN 2023,
Protected Planet: The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA)/The Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME),
Dec 2023, Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN.
Available at:
Designation Reported Area Reported Marine Area IUCN Category Management Plan Status Status Year WDPA ID
Bonriki Island Water Reserve Marine Reserve 0.00km² 0.00km² V Not Reported Designated 315545
Cook Islet Closed Area (Kiritimati WS) Bird Reserve 22.00km² 22.00km² Ia Not Reported Designated 1975 4257
Phoenix Islands Protected Area World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 408250.00km² 0.00km² Not Applicable Not Reported Inscribed 2010 555512002
North-west Point Closed Area (Kiritimati) Closed Area 0.13km² 0.13km² Not Reported Not Reported Designated 1975 555547607
Nooto-North Tarawa Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 10.33km² 0.00km² Not Reported Designated 2013 555624127
Motu Upua Closed Area Closed Area 0.19km² 0.19km² Ia Not Reported Designated 1975 4259
Kiritimati Atoll (Christmas Island) Multi/Multiple Use Conservation Area 523.70km² 320.00km² Ia Not Reported Designated 1999 4253
Malden Island (Closed Area) Wildlife Sanctuary 39.30km² 39.30km² III Not Reported Designated 1975 4254
Ngaontetaake Islet Closed Area (Kiritimati) Closed Area 0.26km² 0.26km² Ia Not Reported Designated 1979 4261
Vostock Island Wildlife Sanctuary 0.24km² 0.24km² III Not Reported Designated 1979 10753
Motu Tabu Islet Closed Area (Kiritimati) Closed Area 0.04km² 0.04km² Ia Not Reported Designated 1975 4258
Phoenix Islands Protected Area Protected Area 397447.00km² 397447.00km² Not Reported Not Reported Designated 2006 309888
Starbuck (Closed Area) Wildlife Sanctuary 162.00km² 162.00km² III Not Reported Designated 1975 4255