The Pacific is home to around 25% of the world’s coral reefs. Reefs are critical for the future of the Pacific Island People. They provide food and nutrition, protection from the sea, etc. and play an important role on the culture of the Pacific. In September 2021, the Members of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) endorsed the Pacific Coral Reef Action Plan. This Plan was developed in consultation with Pacific Island Countries and Territories. It sets out 8 Broad Areas of Action for which regional cooperation can lead to improved outcomes for coral reefs in the Pacific Islands region by 2030. These actions require the considered application of science and knowledge to improve the health and resilience of reefs, in the face of increasing threats from climate change as well as increasing pressure from pollution and over exploitation.