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Rao, M., Stokes, e. and Johnson, a. 2009.  Monitoring for Management of Protected Areas- An Overview. Training Module 6 for the Network of Conservation Educators and Practitioners. American Museum of Natural History and the Wildlife Conservation Society, Vientiane, Lao PDR.

This chapter is part of an eight chapter manual produced by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the American Museum of Natural History for training protected area staff in Laos. The manual draws from the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation and provides basic principles for designing monitoring strategies for measuring change in conservation targets, with an emphasis on wildlife species and populations.

It discusses the role of monitoring in the project management cycle, explains different levels of monitoring and describes how to develop a monitoring framework. This chapter closes by discussing the importance of communicating monitoring results.