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Berkes, F. Colding, J. Folke, C. 2000.  Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. Ecological Applications, Vol 10, No. 5.

The authors surveyed international literature to focus on the role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) in monitoring, responding to, and managing ecosystem processes and functions, with special attention to ecological resilience. They found a diversity of local or traditional practices for managing ecosystems which included multiple species management, resource rotation etc.

Certain traditional knowledge and management systems were characterized by the use of local ecological knowledge to interpret and respond to feedbacks from the environment.  This is similar to the process of adaptive management built into many protected area management plans.