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Johannes, R. E. 2003. Use and Misuse of Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Management Practices: Pacific Island Examples. Pages 111–126 in D. Dallmeyer, ed. Values at sea: Ethics for the marine environment. University of Georgia Press, Athens.

Johannes uses examples from the Pacific Islands to demonstrate that Pacific Islander’s hold a wealth of marine environmental knowledge and practices that can be extremely valuable. However, he also cautions that Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) should not be idealized, nor should it be hidden or ignored. He asserts that it is the role of the managers to encourage the possessors of TEK to capitalize on its strength and reduce the effects of its weaknesses.