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Tonga

Country Name ISO Alpha-2 Code ISO Alpha-3 Code BIOPAMA Region
Tonga TO TON Pacific

Disclaimer: This data is sourced from WDPA. If you find any errors please contact SPREP and we will action it accordingly

?Protected area coverage was calculated based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 for the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014). The number of protected areas was derived from the same WDPA version and includes only protected areas with the status ‘designated’. All protected areas with a marine component are counted as marine protected areas.

 

Key protected area stats

Total number of protected areas: 4
 
Terrestrial protected area coverage: 15.89%
Shortfall to the CBD's 17% terrestrial target: 1.11%
Landlocked country: no
 
Total number of marine protected areas: 2
 
Marine protected area coverage (0-200 nm): 1.51%
Shortfall to the CBD's 10% marine target: 8.49%

?This table includes all designated protected areas for the country included in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 (IUCN and UNEP-WCMC 2014).

Designated Protected Areas

IUCN Management Category Link
II 3
IV 5
Not Reported 9
V 2
VI 3
Protected area name Status IUCN management category Reported area (km²) Reported marine area (km²)
Atata Designated Not Reported 6.18 6.18
Eua Designated II 4.50 2.25
Eueiki Designated Not Reported 2.18 2.18
Falevai Designated VI 5.00 0.00
Fanga'uta and Fanga Kakau Lagoons Designated VI 28.35 28.35
Felemea Designated Not Reported 16.27 16.27
Ha'afeva Designated Not Reported 11.28 11.28
Ha'apai Designated V 10,000.00 0.00
Ha'atafu Beach Designated IV 0.71 0.71
Hakaumama'o Reef Designated IV 2.60 1.28
Kao Designated II 12.50 12.50
Malinoa Island Park and Reef Designated IV 0.91 0.91
Monuafe Island Park and Reef Designated IV 0.50 0.50
Mounu Reef Designated Not Reported 0.20 0.20
Mui Hopo Hoponga Coastal Reserve Designated V 0.89 0.89
Neiafu Harbour Wreck Proposed Not Reported 0.00 0.00
Nukuhetulu Not Reported Not Reported 3.00 0.00
O'ua Designated VI 48.75 47.41
Ovaka Designated Not Reported 9.56 9.56
Pangaimotu Reef Designated IV 0.49 0.35
Tofua Designated II 49.90 0.00
Vaomopa Not Reported Not Reported 0.20 0.00
CSV

?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (AZEs)

CSV

?Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity according to globally standardised criteria. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to assess if the global protected area system adequately covers ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ as per Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. Only two subsets of KBAs have been identified across virtually all countries: Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZEs) and Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). The KBA protection stats provided here come from Butchart et al. (2015). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) January 2013. More information on the AZEs and IBAs datasets and their completeness can be found in Butchart et al. (2015).

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)

CSV

?The terrestrial ecoregions of the world (TEOW; Olson et al. 2001) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s terrestrial ecosystems. They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Terrestrial ecoregions

No terrestrial ecoregions found in this country.

CSV

?The marine ecoregions of the world (MEOW; Spalding et al. 2007) provide a biogeographic classification of the world’s coastal and shelf waters (< 200 m depths). They are used by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to measure progress towards the ecological representativeness of the global protected area system called for in Aichi Biodiversity Target 11. The ecoregion protection stats provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). They are based on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) August 2014 and were used in the UNEP-WCMC Protected Planet Report 2014 (Juffe-Bignoli et al. 2014).

Marine ecoregions

No marine ecoregions found in this country.

CSV

Land cover classes

This tab will show, among other things, pie charts with the country's land cover stats (GLC 2000 and GlobeCover 2005).

?The indicative species numbers provided here come from the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA). The numbers include those species whose range intersects with the terrestrial and/or marine (Exclusive Economic Zone out to 200 nautical miles from the coastline) boundary of the country. Only selected globally assessed taxonomic groups are shown. The species ranges and conservation status are from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species August 2014. The intersection followed the methodology described in Le Saout et al. (2013).

 

Indicative number of amphibian, bird and mammal species

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Aves
77 16 0 3 13 4 55 0
Mammalia
28 4 0 3 1 0 12 12

 

Indicative number of marine species in selected taxonomic groups

Class Total number of species (sum of CR, EN, VU, NT, LC and DD) Total number of threatened species (sum of CR, EN and VU) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Data Deficient (DD)
Actinopterygii
281 6 0 0 6 9 248 18
Anthozoa
219 33 0 0 33 53 128 5
Chondrichthyes
18 8 0 0 8 7 1 2
Hydrozoa
4 0 0 0 0 1 3 0

Amphibia species list

No Species found in this country

Aves species list

Common name Status Taxon Kingdom Phylum Order Family Custom text Image
No common name found LC Aerodramus spodiopygius Animalia Chordata Caprimulgiformes Apodidae Check Image
No common name found VU Alopecoenas stairi Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Gray Duck LC Anas superciliosa Animalia Chordata Anseriformes Anatidae Check Image
Black Noddy LC Anous minutus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Brown Noddy LC Anous stolidus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Polynesian Starling LC Aplonis tabuensis Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sturnidae Check Image
No common name found VU Ardenna bulleri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna carneipes Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found NT Ardenna grisea Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna pacifica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Ardenna tenuirostris Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Ruddy Turnstone LC Arenaria interpres Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Australasian Harrier LC Circus approximans Animalia Chordata Accipitriformes Accipitridae Check Image
Fiji Shrikebill LC Clytorhynchus vitiensis Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Monarchidae Check Image
Cape Petrel LC Daption capense Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Hawkins s Rail EX Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image
Wandering Albatross VU Diomedea exulans Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Pacific Imperial Pigeon LC Ducula pacifica Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
No common name found EX Eclectus infectus Animalia Chordata Psittaciformes Psittacidae Check Image
White faced Heron LC Egretta novaehollandiae Animalia Chordata Pelecaniformes Ardeidae Check Image
Blue Heron LC Egretta sacra Animalia Chordata Pelecaniformes Ardeidae Check Image
Wattled Honeyeater LC Foulehaio carunculatus Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Meliphagidae Check Image
Lesser Frigatebird LC Fregata ariel Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
Great Frigatebird LC Fregata minor Animalia Chordata Suliformes Fregatidae Check Image
White bellied Storm Petrel LC Fregetta grallaria Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Black bellied Storm Petrel LC Fregetta tropica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Domestic Chicken LC Gallus gallus Animalia Chordata Galliformes Phasianidae Check Image
Angel Tern LC Gygis alba Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Pacific Swallow LC Hirundo tahitica Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Hirundinidae Check Image
No common name found LC Hypotaenidia philippensis Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image
Polynesian Triller LC Lalage maculosa Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Campephagidae Check Image
Nevafou Megapode EN Megapodius pritchardii Animalia Chordata Galliformes Megapodiidae Check Image
Polynesian Storm Petrel EN Nesofregetta fuliginosa Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
Bristle thighed Curlew VU Numenius tahitiensis Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Wilson's Storm Petrel LC Oceanites oceanicus Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion anaethetus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion fuscatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
No common name found LC Onychoprion lunatus Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Tongan Whistler NT Pachycephala jacquinoti Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Pachycephalidae Check Image
Frigate Petrel LC Pelagodroma marina Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Oceanitidae Check Image
White tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon lepturus Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
Red tailed Tropicbird LC Phaethon rubricauda Animalia Chordata Phaethontiformes Phaethontidae Check Image
Purple Gallinule LC Porphyrio porphyrio Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image
Black (Parkinson's) Petrel VU Procellaria parkinsoni Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
No common name found LC Procelsterna albivitta Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Blue Noddy LC Procelsterna cerulea Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Maroon Shining Parrot LC Prosopeia tabuensis Animalia Chordata Psittaciformes Psittacidae Check Image
Tahiti Petrel NT Pseudobulweria rostrata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Phoenix Petrel EN Pterodroma alba Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Collared Petrel VU Pterodroma brevipes Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
White naped Petrel VU Pterodroma cervicalis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Cook s Petrel VU Pterodroma cookii Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Herald Petrel LC Pterodroma heraldica Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Korure NT Pterodroma inexpectata Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Collared Petrel VU Pterodroma leucoptera Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Kermadec Petrel LC Pterodroma neglecta Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Black winged Petrel LC Pterodroma nigripennis Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Pycroft s Petrel VU Pterodroma pycrofti Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Providence Petrel VU Pterodroma solandri Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Many colored Fruit Dove LC Ptilinopus perousii Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
Crimson crowned Fruit Dove LC Ptilinopus porphyraceus Animalia Chordata Columbiformes Columbidae Check Image
No common name found LC Puffinus bailloni Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Procellariidae Check Image
Red vented Bulbul LC Pycnonotus cafer Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Pycnonotidae Check Image
Black naped Tern LC Sterna sumatrana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Common Starling LC Sturnus vulgaris Animalia Chordata Passeriformes Sturnidae Check Image
Masked (Blue faced) Booby LC Sula dactylatra Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Brown Booby LC Sula leucogaster Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Red footed Booby LC Sula sula Animalia Chordata Suliformes Sulidae Check Image
Chatham Albatross VU Thalassarche eremita Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
Campbell Albatross VU Thalassarche impavida Animalia Chordata Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Check Image
No common name found LC Thalasseus bergii Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Laridae Check Image
Collared Kingfisher LC Todiramphus chloris Animalia Chordata Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Check Image
No common name found LC Tringa incana Animalia Chordata Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Check Image
Barn Owl LC Tyto alba Animalia Chordata Strigiformes Tytonidae Check Image
No common name found LC Urodynamis taitensis Animalia Chordata Cuculiformes Cuculidae Check Image
Blue crowned Lorikeet LC Vini australis Animalia Chordata Psittaciformes Psittacidae Check Image
No common name found LC Zapornia tabuensis Animalia Chordata Gruiformes Rallidae Check Image

Mammals species list

Common name Status Taxon Kingdom Phylum Order Family
Antarctic Minke Whale DD Balaenoptera bonaerensis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Blainville's Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon densirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Blue Whale EN Balaenoptera musculus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Bottle nosed Dolphin LC Tursiops truncatus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Bridled Dolphin LC Stenella attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Bryde's Whale DD Balaenoptera edeni Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Bunch LC Megaptera novaeangliae Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Cachelot VU Physeter macrocephalus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Chimo DD Orcinus orca Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Coalfish Whale EN Balaenoptera borealis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Common Minke Whale LC Balaenoptera acutorostrata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Common Rorqual EN Balaenoptera physalus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Balaenopteridae
Cuvier's Beaked Whale LC Ziphius cavirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Dwarf Sperm Whale DD Kogia sima Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Euphrosyne Dolphin LC Stenella coeruleoalba Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
False Killer Whale DD Pseudorca crassidens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Fraser s Dolphin or Sarawak Dolphin LC Lagenodelphis hosei Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Ginkgo toothed Beaked Whale DD Mesoplodon ginkgodens Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Grey Dolphin LC Grampus griseus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Indo pacific Beaked Whale DD Indopacetus pacificus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Ziphiidae
Insular Flying fox LC Pteropus tonganus Animalia Chordata Chiroptera Pteropodidae
Kiore LC Rattus exulans Animalia Chordata Rodentia Muridae
Long beaked Dolphin DD Stenella longirostris Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Melon headed Whale LC Peponocephala electra Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pacific Pilot Whale DD Globicephala macrorhynchus Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pygmy Killer Whale DD Feresa attenuata Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae
Pygmy Sperm Whale DD Kogia breviceps Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Physeteridae
Rough toothed Dolphin LC Steno bredanensis Animalia Chordata Cetartiodactyla Delphinidae

?This content is provided by ECOLEX - the gateway to environmental law, which is a collaboration of IUCN, FAO and UNEP. The results show the country's protected area-related legislation and treaties recorded in the ECOLEX database. Click on "refine query" to modify the search.

Tonga