Marine & Terrestrial Waste
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Pollution and the growing volumes of solid and hazardous wastes are major threats to the environments and sustainable development of the Pacific islands and their protected areas. Globalisation is accelerating the transition of Pacific communities towards consumer economies, with increasing urbanisation, migration, and participation in international trade. This is resulting in an escalation in the generation of solid and liquid wastes, and these increase the risk of coastal and marine pollution. The lack of controls on imported chemicals and the lack of capacity for managing pollutants threaten to undermine the quality and health of vulnerable ecosystems on which Pacific islanders depend.
Below are a few key resources on marine and terrestrioal waste
Stay up to date with the latest developments in Hazardous Waste Management, Liquid Waste Management, Marine and Terrestrial Pollution, and Solid Waste Management by visiting the Waste Management and Pollution Control Division at the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).
Waste management and pollution control remains one of the most pressing environmental issues facing the Pacific region. As the region continues to rely increasingly less on locally sourced food products and rapidly acquires increasing quantities of consumer goods, the quantities of wastes, ranging from plastic packaging through to used motor vehicles, is rapidly escalating across the region.
Litter is found in all the world's oceans and seas, even in remote areas far from human contact and obvious sources of the problem. The continuous growth in the amount of solid waste thrown away, and the very slow rate of degradation of most items, are together leading to a gradual increase in marine litter found at sea, on the sea floor and coastal shores. It is an economic, environmental, human health and aesthetic problem posing a complex and multi-dimensional challenge.
The Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA) is the only global intergovernmental mechanism directly addressing the connectivity between terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems.
GPA aims to be a source of conceptual and practical guidance to be drawn upon by national and/or regional authorities for devising and implementing sustained action to prevent, reduce, control and/or eliminate marine degradation from land-based activities.
The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
Global monitoring of POPs by using beached plastic resin pellets.
Iiternational Pellet Watch is a volunteer-based global monitoring program designed to monitor the pollution status of the oceans. Since its launch in 2005, ~ 80 groups and individuals from ~ 50 countries have been participating...
Every year, the sum of humanity’s knowledge increases exponentially. And as we learn more, we also learn there is much we still don’t know. Plastic litter in our oceans is one area where we need to learn more, and we need to learn it quickly. That’s one of the main messages in Marine Litter Vital Graphics. Another important message is that we already know enough to take action.
The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has released a toolkit, titled ‘Marine Litter Legislation: A Toolkit for Policymakers,' which describes legislation used by countries to address marine litter. The toolkit recommends reducing the overall production of marine litter through a circular economy approach that prevents the generation of waste products.
Marine pollution originating from purse seine and longline fishing vessel operations in the Western and Central Pacific region, 2003-2015
The NOAA Marine Debris Program envisions the global ocean and its coasts free from the impacts of marine debris.Mission
The mission of the NOAA Marine Debris Program is to investigate and prevent the adverse impacts of marine debris.
The NOAA Marine Debris Program has developed a strategic plan to succeed in continuing to combat marine debris in the coming years.
The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), has prepared this Pacific Marine Litter Action Plan (MLAP). The primary focus of MLAP is marine sourced litter, but it also covers terrestrial based marine litter point sources as outlined in the Cleaner Pacific 2025. The action plan sets out the policy context and key actions to minimise marine litter across the Pacific islands countries and territories.
Welcome to the Pacific Waste Education Handbook, created for educators and community facilitators to reduce waste in the Pacific. The Handbook provides innovative material for teaching and learning how we can all help to keep our islands clean of waste. The activities incorporate principles of Education for Sustainable Development, which seeks to focus on changing behaviours to achieve a more sustainable future.
This report updates the 1992 State of Environment report with the latest findings from the Marshall Islands. Environmental reporting is defined as a requirement for RMI in the ‘Office of Environmental Planning and Policy Coordination (OEPPC) Act 2003’. The present report results from a concerted effort of all national stakeholders with OEPPC being the lead agency working with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) in gathering information from national stakeholders to compile this report. I would like to use this opportunity to thank all the parties involved for their commitment and hard work in creating this document and a special komol tata to SPREP for their continued support to the Marshall Islands.
Vanuatu signed and ratified the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD) joining other 190 CBD parties to protect our global biodiversity. Vanuatu’s first National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) was developed and endorsed in November 1999. Revision of this NBSAP has led Vanuatu to develop this new NBSAP (2018-2030). This revised NBSAP indicates the progress, successes and gaps that lie within the organisational, systemic and individual capacities at national, provincial and community levels to protect, conserve and wisely use our biodiversity. The NBSAP (2018-2030) has seven strategic areas with country indicators and targets towards achieving the Global Strategic Programme of 2020 Aichi targets.
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