Protected Area targets have been set globally, regionally, and sometimes at a country level. The global targets for all countries that are signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets are that
at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes by 2020.
Regionally, the Micronesia Challenge aims to effectively conserve at least 30% of near-shore marine resources and 20% of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020. An example of a country-based target is Fiji that aims to have 30% of reefs protected by 2015 and 30% of waters managed as a marine protected area network by 2020.
Below are various efforts that have been carried out to assess progress (global and regional) towards Aichi protected area targets. The paper by Govan (2009) is the most comprehensive assessment of marine protected areas (MPAs), including all LMAs in the Pacific Islands. Govan’s data has now been incorporated into the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Several of the papers below attempt to assess progress towards targets which relate to factors such as management effectiveness, biodiversity coverage, governance and finance etc.
'The Future is Now: Science for Sustainable Development' - Global Sustainable Development Report 2019
12. Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas - Papers
A Better World (Vol.6)
A Biodiversity Hotspots Treaty: The Road not Taken
A Contrast of Criteria for Special Places Important for Biodiversity Outcomes
A Global Standard for the Identification of Key Biodiversity Areas
A handbook for identifying, evaluating and reporting other effective area-based conservation measures in marine fisheries
A resilient and connected network of sites to sustain biodiversity under a changing climate
A role for UNEP’s Regional Seas Programme under the post-2020 global biodiversity framework
A spatial overview of the global importance of Indigenous lands for conservation
Understanding the scale, location and nature conservation values of the lands over which Indigenous Peoples exercise traditional rights is central to implementation of several global conservation and climate agreements.