Protected Area targets have been set globally, regionally, and sometimes at a country level. The global targets for all countries that are signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets are that
at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes by 2020.
Regionally, the Micronesia Challenge aims to effectively conserve at least 30% of near-shore marine resources and 20% of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020. An example of a country-based target is Fiji that aims to have 30% of reefs protected by 2015 and 30% of waters managed as a marine protected area network by 2020.
Below are various efforts that have been carried out to assess progress (global and regional) towards Aichi protected area targets. The paper by Govan (2009) is the most comprehensive assessment of marine protected areas (MPAs), including all LMAs in the Pacific Islands. Govan’s data has now been incorporated into the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Several of the papers below attempt to assess progress towards targets which relate to factors such as management effectiveness, biodiversity coverage, governance and finance etc.
Cost-effective priorities for the expansion of global terrestrial protected areas: Setting post-2020 global and national targets
COVID-19 and protected areas: Impacts, conflicts, and possible management solutions
Current trends suggest most Asian countries are unlikely to meet future biodiversity targets on protected areas
Custodians of the globe’s blue carbon assets
Dare To Be Deep - SeaStates Report on North America’s Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
Data-driven approach for highlighting priority areas for protection in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction
Defining ‘science-based targets’
Designing protected area networks that translate international conservation commitments into national action
Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs) and Commercial Activities
- Deep Sea Mining contract areas in ABNJ
- Purse seiner pollution observer incidents across region
- Regional fishing vessel density
- Purse seiner pollution observer incidents and purse seiner vessel density
Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs) Special places in the world’s oceans (Western South Pacific)
eDNA metabarcoding as a biomonitoring tool for marine protected areas
Enhanced regional connectivity between western North American national parks will increase persistence of mammal species diversity
EQUITABLE AND EFFECTIVE AREA‐BASED CONSERVATION: TOWARDS THE CONSERVED AREAS PARADIGM
Essential indicators for measuring site-based conservation effectiveness in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework
Evaluating the effectiveness of a large multi-use MPA in protecting Key Biodiversity Areas for marine predators
Evidence that spillover from Marine Protected Areas benefits the spiny lobster (Panulirus interruptus) fishery in southern California
Faster Ocean Warming Threatens Richest areas of Marine Biodiversity
Final Evaluation of the project “Forestry and Protected Area Management in Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu and Niue (GEFPAS-FPAM)”
First Quadrennial Pacific Sustainable Development : Executive Summary 2018
Forest Loss in Protected Areas and Intact Forest Landscapes: A Global Analysis
Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas in the Pacific Islands Region, 2014-2020
From livelihoods to equity for better protected area conservation
Gains in biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services from the expansion of the planet’s protected areas
Gaps in Protection of Important Ocean Areas: A Spatial Meta-Analysis of Ten Global Mapping Initiatives
GEF Tracking of Aichi Target 11 Progress
GEF Tracking of Aichi Target 11 Progress
Track the progress of GEF funded projects by country under Aichi targets 11 and 12 by registering for the "Project Mgt Information System" at the bottom of the GEF splash page.
Global Biodiversity Outlook
Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity.