Protected Area targets have been set globally, regionally, and sometimes at a country level. The global targets for all countries that are signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets are that
at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes by 2020.
Regionally, the Micronesia Challenge aims to effectively conserve at least 30% of near-shore marine resources and 20% of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020. An example of a country-based target is Fiji that aims to have 30% of reefs protected by 2015 and 30% of waters managed as a marine protected area network by 2020.
Below are various efforts that have been carried out to assess progress (global and regional) towards Aichi protected area targets. The paper by Govan (2009) is the most comprehensive assessment of marine protected areas (MPAs), including all LMAs in the Pacific Islands. Govan’s data has now been incorporated into the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA). Several of the papers below attempt to assess progress towards targets which relate to factors such as management effectiveness, biodiversity coverage, governance and finance etc.
Integrated Management Effectiveness Tool (IMET) - Information Brochure
IUCN WCPA Technical Note - Equity in conservation – what, why and how?
IUCN WCPA Technical Note - IMPROVING PROTECTED AND CONSERVED AREA MANAGEMENT TO SAFEGUARD ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY AND MINIMISE ZOONOTIC DISEASE RISK
IUCN World Heritage Outlook 3
Lessons learnt in global biodiversity governance
Machine learning prediction of connectivity, biodiversity and resilience in the Coral Triangle
Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Forestry
Mainstreaming biodiversity: A review of national strategies
Making Money Local: Can Protected Areas Deliver Both Economic Benefits and Conservation Objectives?
Making waves: The science and politics of ocean protection
Lubchenco, Jane, and Kirsten Grorud-Colvert. 2015. Making waves: The science and politics of ocean protection. Science Vol. 350 No. 6259: 382-383.
Mapping Multilateral Environmental Agreements to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdictions - What to do?
In June, 2015 the United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution calling for the development of an international legally-binding
Marine Conservation Agreements - Guidance for the Tourism Industry in Fiji
Marine Protected Areas: Smart Investments in Ocean Health
Marine protection targets: an updated assessment of global progress
Oonzaier, L. B. and D. Pauly. 2016. Marine protection targets: an updated assessment of global progress. Oryx 50(1), 27–35.
Marine-Related Learning Networks: Shifting the Paradigm Toward Collaborative Ocean Governance
Marshall Islands' National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
Mismatches in Scale between highly Mobile Marine Megafauna and Marine Protected Areas
National and Regional Networks of marine protected areas: a review of progress
National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A Review of Progress
National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)
National Protected Area Partnerships
Nauru Biological Rapid Assessment (BIORAP) - Full Report
Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities
Oceanian Sovereignty: rethinking conservation in a sea of islands
Pacific Coral Reef Action Plan 2021–2030
Pacific Islands Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas 2021- 2025
Pacific Islands Framework for Nature Conservation and Protected Areas 2021-2025
Pacific Islands Marine Portal
The Pacific Islands Marine Portal provides various information on the status of marine protected areas and much more.